Macro and micronutrients plays a vital role in many metabolic and physiological activities of human body including synthesis of enzymes, monitored growths, and boosts immune and reproductive systems. The Annona senegalensis flowers were obtained from Zuru and Aliero L.G.As farms and subjected to phytochemical and proximate screening using Association of official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) methods. From the results obtained, phytochemical screening shows the presences of flavonoid, saponin, glycosides, alkaloids, cardiac glycoside, steroids and volatile oil while tannins, balsams and anthraquinnes were not detected. The proximate composition revealed the presences of carbohydrate (76.96 ± 0.34), crude protein (8.37 ± 013), moisture contents (7.67 ± 0.76), ash (7.33 ± 0.29), lipid (4.17 ± 0.29) and fiber (3.17) with different values contents. While the results of minerals analyzed showed that, potassium 38.00 ± 1.00 and sodium 36.33 ± 1.53 had the highest values followed by magnesium 3.77 ± 0.15, nitrogen 1.34 ± 0.02, calcium 1.23 ± 0.12 and phosphorus with less value of 1.34 ± 0.02. All these values obtained showed significant increase in micro and macronutrients contents of Annona senegalensis flowers at P>0.05. It was concluded that, Annona senegalensis flowers contains some important elements that have the ability to improve human body, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care and improve on socioeconomic development in the research areas and Kebbi state when properly utilized.
Annona senegalensis, flowers, phytochemical, nutrients
Achu, M. B., Fokou, E., Tchiégang, C., Fotso, M., & Tchouanguep, F. M. (2005). Nutritive value of some Cucurbitaceae oilseeds from different regions in Cameroon. African Journal of Biotechnology, 4(11).
Afolabi, F., & Afolabi, O. J. (2013). Phytochemical Constituents of some medicinal plants in South West, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry, 4(1), 76-78.
Ambrose, C., Leoncini E. & Malaguti, M. (2009). Modulation of phase II enzymes by Sulforaphane: implications for its cardioprotective potential. Journal of Agric, 57(12), 5615 22.
Association of Analytical Chemists. (2000). Official methods of Analysis. Washington, D.C, USA; 450
Atasie, V.N., Akinlanmi, T.F. & Ojiodu, C.C. (2009). Proximate Analysis and physic-chemical properties of Groundnut. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8(2), 194-197
Coates Palgrave, K. (2002). Trees of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
Ellof, H., Shang, X. & Wu, H. (2001). Combination treatment with resveratrol and sulforaphaneinduces apoptosis in human U251 glioma cells, 35(1),152-161.
Himal, E., Nevo, E., Solowey, E. & Bishayee, A. (2008). Chemical extraction: a review. Journal of Plant Medical. 79, 713-722.
Ijaiya, I., Arzika, S. & Abdulkadir M. (2014) Extraction and Phytochemical Screening of the Root and Leave of Annona senegalesis (Wild Custad Apple). Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 3(7), 9–15.
Jada, M,, Usman, W. & Olabisi, A. (2015) Crude Flavonoids Isolated from the Stem Bark of Annona senegalensis have Antimicrobial Activity. Journal of Advances in Biology & Biotechnology, 2(1), 24–29.
Keta J.N. (2016). Herbs and Shrubs in C”lela Medicine in Kebbi State. P. 16
Lawal, M. (1999). Chemical investigation of the leaves of Annona senegalensis 1. Constituents of the leaf wax. Journal of Science, Food and Agriculture, 7,203-205.
Mpiana, P.T., Dianzenza, E.N., Ngbolua, K.N., Tshibangu, D.S.T., Mbala, B.M., Shetonde, O.M., Atibu, E.K., Kakule, M.K. & Bokota, M.T. (2012) Antisickling properties, thermal and photochemical degradations of anthocyanins extract from Annona senegalensis (Annonaceae). International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 6(5), 2241–2251.
Ngamo, T.L., Goudoum, A., Ngassoum, M., Mapongmetsem, L.G., Malaisse, F. & Hance, T. (2007). Chronic Toxicity of Essential Oils of 3 Local Aromatic Plants towards Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(4), 164–167.
Tijjani, M.A., Abdurahaman, F., Abba, Y.S., Idris, M., Baburo, B. S. I., Mala, G.A., Dungus4, M. H.M., Aji, B.M. & Abubakar, K.I. (2013). Evaluation of Proximate and Phytochemical Composition of Leaves Annona Senegalensis Pers. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Scientific Innovation, 2 (1), 7-9.
Yisa, Y., Egila, J.N. & Darlinton, A.O. (2010).Chemical composition of Annona senegalensis from Nupe land, Nigeria, African Journal of Biotechnology , 9(26), 4106-4109.
Zhu, H., Jia, Z. & Zhou, K. (1996). Cruciferous dithiolethione-mediated coordinatedinduction of total cellular and mitochondrial antioxidants and phase 2 enzymes in human primary cardiomyocytes: cytoprotection against oxidative/electr. Exp Biol Med (Maywood).